Lectures to the conference of the BStU from 8th-9th March 2001 in Berlin
As of 1958, in the German Democratic Republic (GDR), the Ministry for State Security was responsible for classified material, including topographic maps, which were produced and published by the Administration for Surveying and Mapping in the Ministry of Internal Affairs and by the Military Topographic Service in the Ministry of National Defence. In order to make sure that topographic documents were handled, stored, safeguarded, and administered according to the GDR's security doctrine, the Ministry for State Security maintained its own ‘Surveying’ Line within Main Department VII (Counter-Intelligence in the Ministry of Internal Affairs / German People’s Police).
Following the Conference of the Geodetic Services of the Socialist States held in Moscow in 1965, the National Defence Council of the GDR adopted a resolution stating, among other things, that topographic maps in the uniform Coordinate System 42 were only allowed to be kept in the offices of the so-called ‘armed organs’ (the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry for State Security, and the Ministry of Internal Affairs). Maps used by anyone else were to be recalled and replaced by an Edition for the National Economy (AV), from which the uniform sheet line, geodetic grids, trigonometric points, and quality and quantity details as well as other ‘confidential information’ had to be removed. Moreover, maps for the general public were to feature distortions of direction and scale, and inaccuracies of up to ±3 km.
The purpose of this collection is to illuminate both the Ministry for State Security's influence on mapping in the GDR and the ulterior motives behind its practices. Historians, cartographers, and geographers, including expert contemporary witnesses, explore these topics from a variety of viewpoints and provide archivists, map historians, and other map users with information helpful for evaluating and dealing with maps published in the former GDR.
Gyula Pápay Politics and Cartography
Anita Neupert and Erik Theile Maps and Map Production in the GDR
Dagmar Unverhau The "Surveying" Line in the Ministry for State Security
Wolf Günther Koch On the Issue of the Topographic Maps (Edition for the National Economy) of the GDR
Roland Lucht, Horst Henkel and Wolfgang Scholz An Analysis of the "Edition for the National Economy" as an Implementation of the Resolution of the National Defence Council of the GDR of 13 October 1965 in Comparison with the Topographic Map of the GDR
Eberhard Sandner in cooperation with Jutta Kurze Map Falsifications in Medium-scale Agricultural Site Mapping
Thomas Palaschewski The Adoption of Maps of the Military Topographic Service of the former National People’s Army: A Statement
Kurt Brunner Secrecy and the Falsification of Maps for Military and Political Reasons
Ralf Kalke A Method for Digitally Comparing Analogue Topographic Maps
WolfraGyula Pápaym Pobanz Topographic Alterations to Commercial Cartographic Maps in the GDR
Appendix 1 Report of 15 April 1958 on the Meeting Held from 10–12 April 1958 at the Main Administration for Geodesy and Cartography of the MdI of the USSR in Moscow – BArch, DO 1 15.0 no. 53627 Appendix 2 Report of 6 November 1961 on a Room Control Carried out on 3 November 1961 (Vigilance Control) – Copy, BArch, DO 1 15.0 no. 26666 Appendix 3 Proposal on How to Better Supply the National Economy with Large-scale Topographic Maps, VVK, Berlin 1962 – Copy, BArch, DO 1 15.0 no. 30140 Appendix 4 Report of 6 December 1963 on the Meeting Held on 30 November 1963 with the Head of the Main Administration for Geodesy and Cartography in Moscow – BArch, DO 1 15.0 no. 53627 Appendix 5 Report of 25 June 1964 on the Official Trip from 26 May to 1 June 1964 to the Main Administration for Geodesy and Cartography in Moscow – BArch, DO 1 15.0 no. 53627 Appendix 6 Minutes of the 24th Meeting of the National Defence Council of the German Democratic Republic on 13 October 1965 (Excerpts and Appendix 5) – BArch-MilArch, DVW 1 no. 39481 Appendix 7 Report of 19 April 1966 on the Status of the Implementation of the National Defence Council Resolution of 13 October 1965 – BArch, DO 1 15.0 no. 324/1 Appendix 8 Correspondence 1973–1976 regarding Quality Problems Resulting from Secrecy with Respect to the General Map 1:200 000 of the GDR – BArch, DO 1 15.0 no. 52805 Appendix 9 Editorial Specifications and Technologies regarding the Compilation of Topograpic Maps (AV) – Special Provisions –, – Copy, State Survey Office of Thuringia, Office Library
Es war eine rechtspolitische Herausforderung, vor die sich der Gesetzgeber im Jahre 1991 gestellt sah. Das Besondere an dieser rechtspolitischen Herausforderung war, dass es einen in der deutschen Rechtsgeschichte einmaligen Gegenstand zu regeln galt.
Das Ministerium für Staatssicherheit der DDR hatte sich in den Besitz sehr vieler originaler NS-Akten gebracht. Erstmals erfuhr eine breite Öffentlichkeit davon durch einen reißerisch Artikel in der Tagespresse.
Das Findbuch zur Abteilung X "Internationale Verbindungen" des Ministeriums für Staatssicherheit erschließt die Unterlagen, die sich zum Zeitpunkt der Auflösung des Staatssicherheitsdienstes der DDR in den Diensträumen befunden haben.
Die Fachabteilung Archivbestände des BStU legt hiermit das vorläufige Findbuch der Sekretariate der letzten Stellvertreter des Ministers für Staatssicherheit, Gerhard Neiber, Rudi Mittig und Wolfgang Schwanitz, vor.